What Science Careers are There?
Will having a science degree help me find a good career?
Making the transition from bachelor of science student to graduate in a science career is an intimidating situation for many soon-to-be and recent graduates. There can be many unknowns when you're thinking about what awaits you after school: which profession to pursue, who's going to hire you, what your salary will be, and whether or not you will find fulfillment in your career.
This Science careers guide is designed to help you make the difficult decision of deciding what to do with your undergraduate science degree after graduation. From a career as a marine biologist to a career as a doctor, there are a multitude of career paths a science graduate can pursue.
Sorted by major, this Science careers guide contains detailed occupational information on hundreds of careers that you can apply your undergraduate science degree towards. We’ve included job descriptions, expected salaries, educational requirements and other pertinent information related to these careers. Not enough? We’ve outlined scholarships that can help you pay for school.
Science Careers Sorted by Major
Why is a Bachelor of Science Degree Useful?
The coursework related to obtaining a bachelor of science degree helps you gain knowledge and training that will be useful for the rest of your life, both within and outside of the workplace. An undergraduate science degree will not only help you expand your knowledge base in the field of science, it will help you develop intangible traits such critical thinking, effective communication, creativity and independent judgment.
The pursuit and achievement of a bachelor of science degree allows us to discover new knowledge to better understand ourselves, the world and our place in it. Studying science at the undergraduate level also provides you with the knowledge needed to make important decisions, react to challenges and solve problems that threaten our planet or its various inhabitants. Practical applications of this knowledge may include finding new ways to treat diseases, properly managing natural resources, or effectively reacting to the occurrence of epidemics.
A bachelor of science degree also leads to many opportunities to find a meaningful, rewarding and lucrative career in science or outside of science. It thoroughly teaches you to solve problems using logic and scientific methods; traits that are highly valued by many of today’s top employers.
Science Careers - Employable Skills of Science Graduates
Undergraduate science students are taught more than just how a lab functions; they are also taught many skills that employers both inside and outside the field of science are looking for. Take a look at the next set of job postings you come across. Do they all require specific degrees? Odds are that many won’t.
The following is a set of skills that you will gain as an undergraduate science student that you can apply to almost any career:
Research skills – The ability to locate information and determine its quality in a timely manner
Report writing skills – The ability to present findings in a logical order, while articulating findings
Data collection skills – The ability to collect data involves teamwork, communication, thoroughness and attention to detail
Data analysis skills – Involves using a wide range of statistical methods and techniques to identify patterns and other attributes of various sets of data
Time management and organizational skills – Must be able to see a project through from start to finish within strict deadlines
Problem solving skills - Using logical methods to solve problems is a skill that many employers value greatly
Communication skills – being able to present and articulate complicated ideas in a clear and concise manner
Science Graduate Salary
Entry-level salaries for employees with a science degree
Below are the average salaries reported by nearly 20,000 Ontario graduates in 2010, based on the Council of Ontario Universities' study of the 2008 graduating class. No similar surveys were found for other Canadian provinces or the United States. Not all of the graduates who responded to the survey were science graduates. (1)
$62,865 CAD - Nursing
$58,587 CAD - Computer Science
$56,117 CAD - Mathematics
$50,760 CAD - Other Arts and Science
$47,857 CAD - Therapy and Rehabilitation
$45,427 CAD - Physical Sciences
$45,104 CAD - Food Science and Nutrition
$43,468 CAD- Social Sciences
$42,181 CAD - Agricultural and Biological Sciences
$42,000 CAD - Forestry
The earnings of bachelor of science graduates can vary substantially, as there are many variables that can influence salary, such as: Who the employer is, the type of sector the individual works in, their level of experience and others.
(1) Dehaas, Josh. “The most (and least) lucrative degrees in Ontario” MacLean’s On Campus, Web. November 10, 2011.
Who Hires Science Graduates?
Employers who value employees that have proven abilities to use logic and scientific methods to solve problems are typically in search of science graduates.
The skills and knowledge that science graduates obtain make them employable with virtually any organization. Among the list of required skills frequently listed on job postings across Canada and the United States are 'problem solving abilities' and being 'detail oriented', attributes that are gained through coursework in an undergraduate science program.
Graduates with a bachelor’s of science degree can choose a broad range of employers including:
- Government agencies
- Small, medium and large private companies
- Publicly traded companies
- Non-profit organizations
Choosing a Science Career that Suits Your Needs
Science Careers - Professional Associations
We recommend these links for bachelor of science students and new graduates who are interested in learning more about careers related to their major.
- American Mathematical Society
- American Psychological Association
- Association of Professional Engineers, Geologists, and Geophysicists of Alberta
- Biochemical Society
- Canadian Association for Neuroscience
- Canadian Association of Physicists
- Canadian Council of Ministers of the Environment
- Canadian Federation of Biological Societies
- Canadian Institutes of Health Research
- Canadian Mathematical Society
- Canadian Psychological Association
- Canadian Society for Chemistry
- Canadian Society for Clinical Chemists
- Canadian Society for Exercise Physiology
- Canadian Society for Immunology
- Canadian Society for Medical Laboratory Science
- Canadian Society of Allergy and Clinical Immunology
- Canadian Society of Biochemistry, Molecular & Cellular Biology
- Canadian Society of Forensic Science
- Canadian Society of Pharmacology and Therapeutics
- Canadian Society of Plant Physiologists
- Environment Canada
- Information and Communications Technology Council
- National Association of Computer Consulting Business
- Society for Conservation Biology
- Society of Environmental Toxicology and Chemistry
- Society of Toxicology of Canada
- Statistical Society of Canada
- The Society for Neuroscience
Millions of dollars in science scholarships go unused every year! Why is this? Not enough applicants! Our science scholarships database contains hundreds of Canadian, American and international scholarships suited to students from many areas of focus in an undergraduate science degree program. There are many scholarships that apply to students regardless of their field of study, so ensure you apply for those as well. Don't let this scholarship money go unused!
Science Jobs - Jobs for Science Students and Graduates
• Research skills
• Report writing skills
• Data collection skills
• Data analysis skills
• Time management and organizational skills
• Problem solving skills
• Communication skills
Science Career Fairs
Be sure to attend any career fair you can in order to network with possible employers and learn about possible future science career paths.