Engineering Career Paths
From a career as a civil engineer to a career as mayor, there are hundreds of careers a graduate with an Engineering degree can pursue. An undergraduate Engineering education gives students many skills that easily transfer from one industry and career path to another. Skills such as critical thinking and quantitative analysis are highly marketable and always in demand with employers. With the perennially high level of demand for graduates with an Engineering degree, the largest problem facing these soon-to-be professionals is what career path they will choose from the multitude of options available to them.
To help solve this problem, we've created this Engineering Careers guide, which contains everything you need to know about choosing a career in Engineering.
We have detailed occupational information on hundreds of careers applicable to an undergraduate or graduate engineering degree, whether they are careers in Engineering, or careers outside of Engineering. We’ve included job descriptions, expected salaries, educational requirements and other pertinent information related to these careers. Not enough? We’ve outlined undergraduate and graduate engineering scholarships that you can apply for.
Engineering Careers sorted by major
Engineering Careers - Why is a Bachelor of Engineering Degree Useful?
Earning an undergraduate Engineering degree helps students learn how to apply structured critical thought and quantitative analysis to solving practical problems. These skills are transferable to careers that may not utilize the direct application of engineering principles whatsoever.
Undergraduate Engineering programs are well known for having a strong focus on projects with direct relevance to the industry and offer practical experience through work placements. This work experience makes engineering graduates highly employable in Engineering careers immediately upon graduation.
The combination of gaining a thorough grounding in Engineering principles and having many “soft” transferable skills such as the ability to solve problems using logic, and being able to communicate effectively, makes a Bachelor of Engineering one of the most employable degrees a student can earn.
Engineering Careers - Employable Skills of Engineering Graduates
An Engineering education, whether undergraduate or graduate, teaches students core skills that are highly employable across many different industries, and can be applied to many different professions. They can be applied both to careers in Engineering, as well as careers that are not directly related to Engineering. Employers are always interested in recruiting Engineering graduates because of their vast skill sets.
Engineering students are taught how to present their ideas in a confident and professional manner. This skill applies not only to communications within the field of Engineering; it applies to relations within the community as a whole.
Competence in application and practice
Engineering students learn how to properly utilize engineering techniques as well as relevant tools.
Interpersonal and team work skills
The ability to effectively function in an individual or group environment is a highly transferable employment skill that undergraduate and graduate Engineering students are taught. Through practical coursework, they not only learn how to function within a team, they learn how to lead a team.
Engineering problem solving skills
Engineering students must be able to identify problems and use logic and reasoning to identify solutions. They also learn how to use objectivity when approaching the implementation of these solutions.
Skills in engineering principles
One fundamental skill that engineering students acquire is the ability to acquire and apply knowledge of engineering fundamentals. This is obviously a skill that uniquely taught to engineering students.
Understanding professional, social and ethical responsibilities
Engineering students have an understanding of the social, ethical, environmental and professional responsibilities associated with a career as an engineer. Once Engineering students become professional Engineers, they must maintain a commitment to these responsibilities.
Engineering students are taught the importance of undertaking lifelong learning, and they must possess the ability to do so. They recognize the importance of independently acquiring new knowledge and skills for their personal and professional benefit.
Engineering Careers - How Much do Engineers Make?
$60,548 - Engineering graduate average starting salary (1)
(1) Dehaas, Josh. “The most (and least) lucrative degrees in Ontario” MacLean’s On Campus, Web. November 10, 2011.
Careers in Engineering - Who Hires Engineering Graduates?
Because Engineering graduates earn a degree that provides them with a combination of in-field experience and highly transferable 'soft skills', they are typically among the highest in demand of all university graduates. They find themselves in demand by organizations that have a need to utilize the professional abilities an engineer can offer, as well as organizations that seek to apply the skills of the Engineering graduate in a different capacity.
Not all of those who graduate with a bachelor's of Engineering degree choose to pursue careers in Engineering. The highly employable nature of an undergraduate Engineering degree allows Engineering graduates to select their employer based on a variety of possible criteria; such as the vision and mission of an organization, the leadership, the availability of advancement opportunities and other criteria that may be important. Although it may not seem like a natural fit, Engineering graduates may also pursue professions in the field of sales, administration, consulting and management, among others.
Graduates with a Bachelor's of Engineering Degree can choose a broad range of employers including:
Engineering Career Planning Timeline
Careers in Engineering - Professional Associations
- IEEE Canada
- Institution of Mechanical Engineers
- Canadian Dam Association
- Canadian Geotechnical Society
- Canadian Maritime Section of the Marine Technology Society
- Canadian Medical and Biological Engineering Society
- Canadian Nuclear Society
- Canadian Society for Bioengineering
- Canadian Society for Civil Engineering
- Canadian Society for Senior Engineers
- Canadian Society for Chemical Engineering
- Canadian Society for Mechanical Engineering
- Canadian Society for Engineering Management
- American Academy of Environmental Engineers
- Audio Engineering Society
- American Helicopter Society
- American Indian Science and Engineering Society
- American Institute of Aeronautics and Astronautics
- American Institute of Chemical Engineers
- American Railway Engineering Association
- American Society for Engineering Education
- American Society of Agricultural and Biological Engineers
- American Society of Civil Engineers
- American Society of Mechanical Engineers
- American Society of Naval Engineers
- American Society of Plumbing Engineers
- American Society of Safety Engineers
- American Society of Test Engineers
- American Society for Nondestructive Testing
Browse through our "Engineering Scholarships" section to see which scholarships you can apply for. We have hundreds of Canadian, American and international scholarships available to students pursuing almost every undergraduate and graduate engineering major, as well as many that are relevant to all engineering students in general. Be sure to apply for these engineering scholarships, as millions of dollars worth of scholarships in Canada and the United States go unused every year as a result of there being too few applicants.
Engineering Jobs - Jobs for Engineering Students and Graduates
Engineering Career Fairs
Visiting general or Engineering specific career fairs is one of the best things you can do to learn about Engineering careers. It is a great way to network with potential employers, as well as gain information on specific careers.