How to Become an Infrastructure Engineer


Are you interested in a well-paying career that involves working on major infrastructure projects that improve the quality of life for your fellow citizens? If so, a career as an infrastructure engineer is worth considering. Here are some quick highlights of working in this field:


• Excellent level of pay

• Diverse work settings, ranging from public hearings, to outdoors, to the office

• Plenty of room for career advancement

• Able to apply technical engineering and/or management skills

• You could work on bridges, sports facilities, highways or the electrical grid

• You would work with professionals such as contractors, project owners, architects, bankers, lawyers and/or government officials


If you want to know more about the ins and outs of this career, then read on; we’ll fill you in on the details, including an overview of what infrastructure engineers do, how much they can earn, and what you’ll need to become one!



Education Needed to Become an Infrastructure Engineer

The basic educational requirement for working as an infrastructure engineer is a four-year bachelor's degree in civil engineering from an accredited school. Some employers however, may require that you have a master’s in civil engineer, with a major in a field related to their specialized area of operations, if applicable.


For example, a municipal government looking to implement a public transportation plan may prefer to hire a candidate with a master’s degree in civil engineering, with a major in transportation planning.  





What is an Infrastructure Engineer?

An infrastructure engineer is a civil engineer that works on developing, maintaining and improving municipal systems that are fundamental to keeping society running smoothly.



Areas of Specialty

Infrastructure engineering is a multi-disciplinary profession with various areas of specialty, including:


• Transportation systems such as railroads, bridges, public transit, roadways and highways

• Utilities, such as the electrical grid and water supply

• Wastewater and storm water management, including drainage systems

• Landscape architecture, land development and geomatics

• Sports and recreation facilities planning



General Job Description

As an infrastructure engineer (also known as a "Municipal Engineer"), you would be responsible for maintaining and updating the infrastructure systems of a municipality or region. 


You would be frequently challenged by situations where maintenance on these systems has been minimal for decades. It would also be up to you to devise ways to update these systems, and ensure that they conform with modern day safety and functionality standards.



General Job Duties

Your duties as an infrastructure engineer would vary considerably from one project to the next, and would be highly dependent on your area of specialty. In general however, you would be responsible for the following:


• Coordinating the collection of data

• Preparing written and oral reports in response to enquiries of City Council, Committees of Council, senior administration and the public

• Determining deficiencies in the infrastructure, and making recommendations for improvements

• Implementing Life Cycle Asset Management for infrastructure

• Developing and implementing sustainable infrastructure rehabilitation strategy

• Developing statistical forecast tools to determine the rehabilitation needs, costs, timelines and funding sources of the project

• Developing condition assessment criteria for infrastructure

• Applying knowledge of approaches to infrastructure rehabilitation

• Preparing and administering capital budgets for related transit projects

• Engaging and managing the work of internal project teams and external consultants as required

• Supervising staff assigned to your area of responsibility





Working Hours, Setting and Environment

Working Hours: Infrastructure engineers typically work regular business hours, but due to the need to meet deadlines many have to work evenings and weekends on occasion. They may be on call, depending on the company they work for.


Work Setting: Working environments for infrastructure engineers are as varied as the projects they work on. Their time may be divided between working at the office on a computer, sitting in a meeting, working in a lab, visiting a project work site, or in front of a public hearing.


Work Environment: Infrastructure engineers usually work with a team that may include professionals from other engineering and scientific disciplines, as well as contractors, project owners, architects, bankers, lawyers or government officials.



Who Employs Infrastructure Engineers?

Infrastructure engineers are typically employed by the following types of organizations:


• Municipal, provincial/state and federal government departments

• Engineering consulting firms

• Construction contractors

• Property developers

• Resource industries, such as oil & gas

• Public utilities

• Railroad companies

• Manufacturing firms

• Colleges and universities

• Companies that manufacture equipment used by infrastructure engineers

• Self-employment (with enough experience and a strong network of contacts)



Current Infrastructure Engineer Job Opportunities

Our job board below has "infrastructure engineer" postings in Canada, the United States, the United Kingdom and Australia:




Licensure and Certification Needed

You will need to be licensed as a Professional Engineer (PE - United States, P.Eng. - Canada) in order to exercise direct control of a public project and to supervise other civil/infrastructure engineers and engineering technicians. 


You will also need to have the PE/P.Eng. designation in order to sell your own engineering services publicly.


If you are not licensed, you may still work on engineering projects under the supervision of a licensed engineer. This is good news, because you will need that experience to become licensed.


Becoming Licensed in Canada

Licensure as a Professional Engineer in Canada generally requires the following:


• A four-year bachelor's degree in a recognized engineering program

• At least four years (typically) of acceptable work experience under the supervision of a Professional Engineer

• A minimum of three acceptable references

• Successful completion of an approved examination in law, ethics and professionalism


Becoming Licensed in the United States

To be licensed in the United States as a PE, you generally need to meet the following requirements:


• A degree from an accredited engineering program

• A passing score on the Fundamentals of Engineering (FE) exam

• Relevant work experience

• A passing score on the Professional Engineering (PE) exam



Factors Affecting Salary

The salary level you could earn as an infrastructure engineer can vary, typically depending on the following factors:


• Your level of education

• Your level of experience

• The specific responsibilities of your job

• The size and type of your employer

• The region in which you work

• Many other factors



Salary Level of Infrastructure Engineers

Unfortunately there is no salary information available for the occupation “Infrastructure Engineer” from reliable sources. We can however, get a good idea of what you could earn by looking at the salary level of a very closely related occupation, “Civil Engineer”.


Infrastructure Engineer Salary in Canada: According to the 2018 Alberta Wage and Salary Survey, Albertans working in the Civil Engineers occupational group earn an average salary of $99,194 per year. Meanwhile in B.C., those in the same occupational group earn an annual provincial median salary of $80,101. Unfortunately, no similar statistics were available from reliable sources for other Canadian provinces or territories at the time of writing (October 17, 2019).


Salary in the United States: According to the United States Bureau of Labor Statistics, the median salary level of Americans working in the Civil Engineers occupational group is $86,640 per year (May, 2018 figures).



Career Advancement Opportunities

As an infrastructure engineer first entering the field, you will likely start as a junior engineer, and you would train under the supervision of a mentor in order to develop your technical knowledge skills. In order to advance your career, you would need to obtain the Professional Engineering (PE) license, because only licensed engineers can assume responsibilities for public projects.


Once you’ve gained licensure, you may qualify for advancement to more senior roles. Upon acquiring even more experience and prove your competence, you may qualify for advancement to senior technical positions, or even managerial positions, such as Head Engineer, or Project Manager.


If you have enough experience, you might choose establish your own consulting, or construction, company. If you have a doctoral (Ph.D.) degree, you may teach at a university, or conduct research. You may also choose to apply the knowledge you’ve gained into different kinds of roles. For example, you may choose to pursue a career in sales, as a Technical Sales Engineer.



Similar Occupations in Our Database

Listed below are careers in our database that are similar in nature to "infrastructure engineer", as they may be in the same field, or they may involve many of the same skills, competencies and/or responsibilities.


• Architect

• Civil Engineer

• Construction Manager

• Land Surveyor

• Transportation Planner

• Urban Planner



Scholarships for Becoming a Civil Engineer

Scholarships in our system are organized by field of study. The fields that are relevant to this profession are listed below on our "Relevant Fields of Study" section below. Any scholarships found within those fields will be suitable, all of which can be found on our Scholarships page.


Success Tip: Be sure to apply for any scholarships that you even barely qualify for, as there are millions of dollars of scholarships that go unused every year due to a lack of applicants!




How to Become an Infrastructure Engineer



Please consult the following resources* to learn more about what it takes to become an infrastructure engineer:


• National Occupational Classification (NOC) 2011: "Civil Engineers.” (n.d.). Statistics Canada. Retrieved January 19, 2017.

• Occupational Profile: "Civil Engineer.” (March 31, 2018). Alberta Government - Alberta Learning Information Service. Retrieved October 17, 2019.

• Occupational Outlook Handbook: "Civil Engineers.” (September 4, 2019). United States Bureau of Labor Statistics. Retrieved October 17, 2019.

• Explore Careers: "Civil Engineers.” (July 2, 2019). Province of British Columbia - WorkBC website. Retrieved October 17, 2019.


*Most of the information for this career guide was compiled from actual job listings on the web, which, due to their brief existence online, are not linked to as a reference. 



Relevant Fields of Study

Studying one of the university majors listed below is an excellent starting point for becoming an infrastructure engineer. Click on the links to find out what else you can do with these majors!



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