Math Careers: What You Can Do With This Degree

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What You Can Do with a Mathematics Degree

Mathematics careers can come in many forms. Having an undergraduate math degree means you’ve been taught highly employable skills, such as step-by-step problem solving and analytical reasoning. The skills you’ll gain as a result of this degree are highly valued by employers in almost every sector of industry.


Depending on where your ambitions and interests lie, you can choose to apply these skills in research, teaching, finance, computer science, accounting, statistics, and many, many other areas (don’t worry, we’ll go into more detail below).






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Some jobs you may qualify for right after your undergrad degree. Other jobs will require further education and training, particularly those that demand a greater level of expertise in a certain area. Fortunately, as a mathematics graduate, you’ll be in a good position to pursue graduate or professional studies in mathematics, education, law, medicine, computer science, business, engineering, and many other fields.


So, if you want to know more about where this degree can take you, read on below. This mathematics careers guide contains detailed occupational information on career paths relevant to this degree. We’ve also included geography-specific scholarships to help you pay for school!




Career Guides Related to a Math Degree

The knowledge and skills you can gain by studying mathematics at the university level serve as an excellent foundation for a variety of careers.



Below, we’ve chosen careers that we feel relate to a mathematics degree, either because the subject matter of the degree relates to the occupational field, or because the skills you’ll need to be an effective employee can be gained in a geography degree program. Please note, this is not an inclusive list:



Air Traffic Controller

Airline Pilot

Applications Programmer



Bank Manager



Budget Analyst

Business Analyst

Compensation and Benefits Coordinator

Contract Administrator

Cost Estimator

Crossword Puzzle Maker



Data Analyst

Data Processing Director

Database Administrator

Database Marketing Analyst

E-Commerce Manager


Energy Auditor

Energy Engineer

Financial Advisor

Financial Analyst

Financial Planner

Helicopter Pilot

High School Teacher

Insurance Agent

Insurance Underwriter

Inventory Control Specialist

Loan Officer

Market Research Analyst

Market Researcher


Media Buyer


Nuclear Engineer

Operations Analyst


Pricing Analyst

Procurement Manager

Product Manager

Quality Control Specialist

Quantitative Analyst

Research Assistant

Risk Analyst

Robotics Technologist


Statistical Assistant


Survey Researcher

Technical Writer

Toy Designer

Transportation Planner

University Professor

Urban Planner


Please Note: Some of the above listed careers require additional education, training and/or experience. Click on careers that are of interest to you to find out more about the qualifications you’ll need.




Math Jobs!

Whether you're a math student looking for a job to help you pay for school, or a graduate looking for an entry or mid-level job, our job board has opportunities directly and indirectly related to your degree.


Find Math Degree Related Job Opportunities





Employable Skills of Mathematics Graduates

As a graduate with a B.Sc. in Mathematics, you should be equipped with a set of skills and knowledge base that make you highly valuable within professional fields related to Mathematics…of which there are many. These skills include:


• Able to define and outline a research problem

• Able to develop mathematical models and theories

• Able to perform statistical analysis

• Able to effectively prepare technical reports

• Powerful analytical and critical thinking skills

• Able to understand context and constraints of various issues

• Able to quantify and analyze raw data

• Able to develop and present logical arguments, as well as identify illogical ideas

• Able to utilize complex lines of reasoning

• Able to elegantly use intricate ideas

• Able to reduce a complicated problem into manageable pieces

• Able to recognize relationships among mathematical principles found in business, computing, biology, etc.

• Able to present solutions in a clear, concise manner


Success Tip: If you combine the study of mathematics with study in a complimentary field, such as biology, physics, chemistry, economics, finance and computer science, you may also acquire abilities related to these disciplines. 



Career Fields in Mathematics

If you’re dead set, or even just mildly interested, in applying the math skills you’ve to a career field that’s directly related to the subject matter, it’s worth considering a career in one of the following areas:


Actuarial Mathematics: Involves the application of mathematics, particularly probability and statistics, to the insurance industry.


Applied Mathematics: This field often involves applying mathematical concepts to problems in physical sciences such physics, chemistry, geology, and engineering.


Biomathematics: The application of mathematics in the health sciences. Biomathematics includes bioinformatics, which is a field composed of elements from Mathematics, Biology and Computer Science.


Biostatistics and Epidemiology: The application of statistics in the health sciences. Epidemiologists are responsible for studying the spread of diseases and model how to respond to epidemics.


Computer Science: A field of study on its own, but with applications of Mathematics built in. Examples include the application of mathematical principles in the creation of animation, graphics, network security and search engine algorithms.


Financial Mathematics: Also known as Quantitative Finance. Mathematics is applied in the use of mortgage backing, financial derivatives, and stock market analysis, among other areas of finance.


Law or Medicine: A major in mathematics serves as excellent preparation for law or medical school.


Operations Research: The application of mathematics to problems of optimization, especially large-scale or complex problems, often applied in the field of business. This is often referred to as Management Science or Industrial Engineering.


Public Policy: A mathematics degree can lead to advisory positions in educational and/or science policy as well as work in quantitative public policy. A master's degree in public policy is often useful in for Mathematics careers in this field.


Research Mathematics: This involves the pure study of Mathematics. This field of employment almost always requires a graduate level education.


Statistics: This field involves the study of methods for collecting, classifying, analyzing and making inferences from various forms of data.


Teaching: An education in Mathematics can be used to teach it. There are however requirements for advanced education for those wishing to teach Mathematics at a university level or post-graduate level.


Technical Writing: This field includes everything from science reporting for periodicals to writing documentation for computer software to editing textbooks.





Mathematics Graduate Salary

The salary you could earn as a mathematics graduate first entering the workforce can vary drastically, and is heavily dependent on the following factors (not an inclusive list):


• Your level of education (such as if you went on to graduate studies)

• The industry in which you find work

• The type of job you have, and your level of responsibility

• The size and type of your employer

• The region in which you work

• Other work experience you may have accrued

• Other skills you may have


Mathematics Graduate Salary Ontario: According to a study in 2011 conducted by the Ontario Council of Universities, $56,117 CAD is the average salary earned by Mathematics graduates, 2 years after graduating from Ontario universities (2010 figures).


*Similar statistics for other Canadian provinces and the United States cannot be found from reputable sources.





Gaining Experience in Mathematics Careers as a Student

Taking practicum courses and working as an intern can be of great advantage to you if you hope to work in a math-related career. Depending on the program, such opportunities may or may not be an academic requirement.


Practicum courses

Practicum courses, when available, are typically offered as an elective or are a requirement of your degree program. They offer are a chance to gain ‘real-world’ experience in a mathematics-related career field. You may be able to job shadow a Financial Analyst, Actuary, or a professional in another career field.



Internships are opportunities to gain real world work experience while completing your degree. An internship allows you to work with a professional agency, on a temporary basis, in a position best suited for your career goals and interests. These programs may or may not count towards credit for your degree, depending on the arrangement between yourself, your school and the employer.


Whether or not they are mandatory, pursuing practicum courses and/or an internship is highly recommended as these opportunities have many benefits, including:


• Meeting professionals who are established in Mathematics careers

• Getting your foot in the door with an organization

• Finding out what working in the field is actually like

• Meeting academic requirements of mathematics program

• May supplement your income



Mathematics Scholarships

If you’re a mathematics major looking for help in paying for school, then you’re in luck! Our scholarships database has Canadian and American scholarships that are specific to mathematics, as well as scholarships that are open to any field of study.


Success Tip: Be sure to apply for any and all scholarships for which you qualify, as there are millions of dollars of scholarships in Canada and the United States that go unused every year due to a lack of applicants.



Professional Associations for Careers Related to Mathematics

To find out more about careers directly related to your mathematics degree, consult the following professional association websites. They offer career-related information, and many have opportunities for student membership, as well as job placement and mentoring opportunities:



Actuarial Students National Association

Canadian Institute of Actuaries

Canadian Mathematical Society

Statistical Society of Canada


United States

American Academy of Actuaries

American Mathematical Society

American Statistical Association

Society for Industrial and Applied Mathematics



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